The history of the Palace of Qolqampata is dazzling, exciting and unique. Incredible building that silently testifies for more than eight centuries fabulous passages of the life and work of innumerable generations of protagonists of the history of Peru. It is a story in which the names and lives of Inca rulers, conquerors, Spanish kings, viceroys, liberators and elites of the Republic converge and mix capriciously or almost magically.
This brief review is absolutely faithful to reliable historical sources.
INCAIC STAGE (1200 -aprox.- 1532)
In the millennial Inca neighborhood of Qolqampata, in Quechua the platform of the warehouses or granaries, the remains or ruins of an Inca Palace that is attributed to the first ruler of the Incas, the mythical Manco Capac (Manku Qapac), rise imposing. The years in which Manco Capac lived and governed are involved in debate among historians, it is estimated that he ruled Cusco at the beginning of the thirteenth century. The founder, of what would become the legendary Empire of the Incas, built the Inticancha (later Qoriqancha or Temple of the Sun), where he probably resided. Upon his death the Palace of Qolqampata could have passed to his family or panaca (panaka), which was called “Chima Panaca”, although this panaca could only have received this Palace during the Pachakútec government. Three centuries later the penultimate sovereign already erected in the twilight of the Empire, Huascar (Wasqar) is also credited with the ownership of the palace. Born in 1503 and died in 1532, in full conquest; It would also be the owner of another Palace, the Amarukancha (located in the Plaza de Armas, today the Church of the Company of Jesus and San Antonio Abad University of Cusco).
COLONIAL STAGE (1532-1821)
At the dawn of the colony the Palace of Qolqampata passed to the property of Paullu Topa Yupanqui (1518-1549), brother of Huascar and another of the sons of the great Inca Huayna Capac (Wayna Qhapac), as a result of his appointment as Inca by the Spanish authorities. Paullu is charged with a black legend of puppet governor of the Spaniards (Charles V himself would send a letter of gratitude for his help in defending the conquest), in contrast to the image of another of his brothers, Manco Inca Yupanqui (Manko) . Initially appointed by the conquistador Francisco Pizarro, in 1533, to succeed his brother Atahualpa. Paullu converts to Christianity and is baptized Cristóbal, ordered to build the neighboring Church of San Cristóbal, under the Palace of Qolqampata, also adopting the neighborhood in the neighborhood the Castilian name of San Cristóbal in replacement of Quechua Qolqampata. After Paullu’s death, his widow Catalina Tocto Usica and her son Carlos Inca Yupanqui lived in the palace. Carlos married a Spanish woman, María Amarilla de Esquivel, procreating both Carlos Melchor Inca Yupanqui (as his grandfather and father puts his Inca title before his surname Yupanqui), born in 1574 in Cusco, sponsored by the Viceroy of Peru Francisco Toledo.
Carlos Melchor the first mestizo of this rancid Inca lineage married in first nuptials in 1599 with a woman of Spanish descent but born in Cusco (granddaughter of two famous conquerors), Leonor Arias Carrasco and lived in the Palace of Qolqampata until his trip to Spain in 1599 fulfillment of orders of the King, to avoid any attempt of subversion led by an Inca. In 1603 he presented to the Court a famous memorial of claims and in 1606 Felipe II granted him the habit of the Order of Santiago and 8500 annual ducats. He died in Alcalá de Henares in 1610. Carlos Melchor Yupanqui did not have legitimate adult male descendants who survived him, neither of the first marriage nor of the second one also with a lady from Madrid, María de Silva, if he had them by Francisca Quispe Sisa, one of them named after his father Carlos Melchor, born in Cusco in 1592, was ordered knight of the Order of Santiago in 1627 and resided in the Court of Madrid until his death. The exile in Spain to which viceroy Toledo condemns the descendants of Paullu and later the defeat of the rebellions of Tupac Amaru II would greatly weaken the Inca elites in the Colony and finally the Bolivarian reforms of independence would end up taking away any remaining power and influence to these elites.
REPUBLICAN STAGE (1821 to the present)
In the Republic, the place is known as the Qolqampata farm because of the small agricultural production, then there would also be a eucalyptus forest there. Initially owners of the Gonzales Béjar family in the 19th century, they lost it due to debts. On December 1, 1898 the Italian immigrant César de Luchi Lomellini Pedamonte (Genoa 1840 – Lima 1950) bought the then called Quinta Qolqampata Ysabel Peralta widow of Vignati for 600 soles cash (who acquired the property of Gonzales Béjar) .
The lord of Luchi Lomellini Pedamonte reached abundant economic prosperity thanks to his Commercial House that he founded years before in another Palace, the one that belonged to the Marquis of Valle Umbroso in the city of Cusco. In addition, he ventured into the industry with great success and in 1913, with other businessmen, he founded the first electricity company in Cusco; and then he would enter the textile industry in the Huáscar factories between 1915 and 1919 and La Estrella in 1928. The Lord of Luchi Lomellini become one of the most successful businessmen of Cusco, restore the shine to the Palace Qolqampata, embellishing the Casona within the complex of the ruins of the Palace of Qolqampata where he would have a life according to the level of elite that he acquired in the city, had 8 children with his wife Aurora Gottardo Morán. The descendants of these 8 children, and all deceased, are currently still mostly owners of the different lots in which the Qolqampata farm was divided after the death of Don César de Luchi Lomellini Pedamonte and his spouse, being the heirs of Carlos de Luchi Lomellini Carenzi, one of these 8 brothers, co-owners of the most prominent lot where the Hotel is currently, supported by Inca walls and the Inca Imperial wall that looked like a Waqa or shrine, adjacent to the beautiful columns of the Inca Palace front . The grandson of Mr. De Luchi Lomellini Pedamonte, César de Luchi Lomellini Carenzi would be the last of Luchi Lomellini’s family to inhabit the Republican Casona.
HOTEL PALACIO MANCO CÁPAC
El año 2015 Ananay (que lindo en quechua) Hotels empezó a operar como hospedaje parte del complejo de lo que fuera el Palacio de Qolqampata y la Casona Republicana que forma parte del complejo, denominándolo Hotel Palacio Manco Cápac, honrando el nombre de a quien se le atribuye ser el primer propietario.
Las habitaciones y zonas sociales han sido cuidadosamente restauradas y el hotel se encuentra lleno de antigüedades que recuerdan la historia del Palacio Qolqampata y de algunos de sus ilustres habitantes. Incluso dos de las suites tienen como cabecera lo que algunas fuentes citan como la “Cama de Bolívar”, aparentemente Simón Bolívar uno de los libertadores del Perú, durante su estancia en el Cusco en Junio de 1824 habría dormido en esta cama. Ananay Hotels es orgullosa de ser curadora de esta joya arquitectónica y sitio histórico tan importante. Comprometida con nuestro patrimonio busca rescatar el esplendor, la gloria y la vida de este espectacular sitio convirtiéndolo en un hotel boutique muy especial, donde conservando su espectacular identidad mestiza, huéspedes y visitantes rodeados de las mayores comodidades y servicios se transporten a tiempos inmemoriales al caminar por la Casona, áreas sociales, contemplar los históricos muros incas, la bella andenería. El año 2016 Trip Advisor reconoció a Palacio Manco Cápac como uno de los mejores 25 hoteles boutique del mundo y el primero de Sudamérica.